Visual Exploration of Unemployment Data
GDPR: justice for data visualization

Labels, scales, controls, aggregation all in play

JB @barclaysdevries sent me the following BBC production over Twitter.


He was not amused.

This chart pushes a number of my hot buttons.

First, I like to assume that readers don't need to be taught that 2007 and 2018 are examples of "Year".

Second, starting an area chart away from zero is equally as bad as starting a bar chart not at zero! The area is distorted and does not reflect the relative values of the data.

Third, I suspect the 2007 high point is a local peak, which they chose in order to forward a sky-is-falling narrative related to China's growth.

So I went to a search engine and looked up China's growth rate, and it helpfully automatically generated the following chart:


Just wow! This chart does a number of things right.

First, it confirms my hunch above. 2007 is a clear local peak and it is concerning that the designer chose that as a starting point.

Second, this chart understands that the zero-growth line has special meaning.

Third, there are more year labels.

Fourth, and very importantly, the chart offers two "controls". We can look at China's growth relative to India's and relative to the U.S.'s. Those two other lines bring context.

JB's biggest complaint is that the downward-sloping line confuses the issue, which is that slowing growth is still growth. The following chart conveys a completely different message but the underlying raw data are the same:




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