Some time ago, this chart showed up in a NYT Magazine (it's about sex):
In this composition, the visual element (the circles) has no utility. A self-sufficiency test makes this point clear.
All the data (four numbers) are printed on the original graphic. When removed, the reader loses all ability to understand the data.
If one knows the second (and largest) pink circle represents 58 percent, it is still impossible to guess that the adjacent circle is 40 percent.
Even both those numbers are provided, it is still impossible to infer the rest without a calculation.
In order to understand this graphic, readers must look at the data labels.
I made a couple of other versions for comparison.
The first uses the pie chart, which is almost readable without the data labels.
The second uses the bar chart, which requires only an axis.