Where do we look?
Restoring symmetry, and another survey debunked

The "data" corner of the Trifecta

TrifectaIn the JunkCharts Trifecta checkup, we reserve a corner for "data". The data used in a chart must be in harmony with the question being addressed, as well as the chart type being selected. When people think about data, they often think cleaning the data, processing the data but what comes before that is collecting the data -- specifically, collecting data that directly address the question at hand.

Our previous post on the smartphone app crashes focused on why the data was not trustworthy. The same problem plagues this "spider chart", submitted by Marcus R. (link to chart here)

Qlikview_Performance

Despite the title, it is impossible to tell how QlikView is "first" among these brands. In fact, with several shades of blue, I find it hard to even figure out which part refers to QlikView.

The (radial) axis is also a great mystery because it has labels (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5). I have never seen surveys with such a scale.

The symmetry of this chart is its downfall. These "business intelligence" software are ranked along 10 dimensions. There may not be a single decision-maker who would assign equal weight to each of these criteria. It's hard to imagine that "project length" is equally important as "product quality", for example.

Take one step backwards. This data came from responders to a survey (link). There is very little information about the composition of the responders. Are they asked to rate all 10 products along 10 dimensions? Do they only rate the products they are familiar with? Or only the products they actively use? If the latter, how are responses for different products calibrated so that a 1 rating from QlikView users equals a 1 rating from MicroStrategy users? Given that each of these products have broad but not completely overlapping coverage, and users typically deploy only a part of the solution, how does the analysis address for the selection bias?

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The "spider chart" is, unfortunately, most often associated with Florence Nightingale, who created the following chart:

Nightingale

This chart isn't my cup of tea either.

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Also note that the spider chart has so much over-plotting that it is impossible to retrieve the underlying data.

 

 

Comments

Naomi B.Robbins

Another problem is that the chart does not include all the major players. Tableau is the fastest growing BI software but is not on the list. Neither is Spotfire. It's not difficult to rank #1 if you leave out all who rank above you.

Jörgen Abrahamsson

The Florence Nightingale chart is not a spider chart. It is a polar area chart. It can sometimes(for very specific uses) be ok.
The so called Spider chart(BI Giants above) is almost never ok.
It is actually parallel coordinates that have been made circular.
Very few people know how to use parallel coordinates. The order of variables is all important. The areas and slopes that result from connecting values on the spider chart are just artefacts of this order. Making it circular induces a great cost in the ability to compare different values/shapes.

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