« Steve Forbes is a socialist | Main | The 11-11-11-11-11 baby »


Feed You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.


All the jury did is unanimously agree that he was guilty of involuntary manslaughter, which the judge would have specified the requirements for.


Causation in law is very different from causation in statistics. I have not followed the trial either. But the relevant jury instruction -- that is, the rule that the jury was required to apply -- states:

"An act causes (injury/ ) ifthe (injury/ ) is the direct, natural, and probable consequence of the act and the (injury/) would not have happened without the act. A natural and probable consequence is one that a reasonable person would know is likely to happen if nothing unusual intervenes. In deciding whether a consequence is natural and probable, consider all the circumstances established by the evidence.

[There may be more than one cause of (injury/______________

). An act causes (injury/_____________
), only if it is a substantial factor in

causing the (injury/ ). A
substantial factor is more than a trivial or remote factor. However, it does not have to be the only factor that causes the (injury/ ____________________).]"

The Yahoo report was probably not accurate.


Bob: thanks for the information. This definition of causation is considerably less certain than the one implied by the Yahoo reporter.

Verify your Comment

Previewing your Comment

This is only a preview. Your comment has not yet been posted.

Your comment could not be posted. Error type:
Your comment has been posted. Post another comment

The letters and numbers you entered did not match the image. Please try again.

As a final step before posting your comment, enter the letters and numbers you see in the image below. This prevents automated programs from posting comments.

Having trouble reading this image? View an alternate.


Post a comment

Your Information

(Name is required. Email address will not be displayed with the comment.)

Marketing and advertising analytics expert. Author and Speaker. Currently at Columbia. See my full bio.

Spring 2015 Courses (New York)

Jan 26: Business Analytics & Data Visualization (14 weeks) Info

Feb 23: Statistics for Management (10 weeks) Info

Mar 28: Careers in Business Analytics & Data Science (one-day seminar) Register

Apr 7: The Art of Data Visualization Workshop (6 weeks) Register

Next Events

Sep: 28 Data Visualization New York Meetup, New York, NY

Oct: 5 Andrew Gelman’s Statistical Communications class, Columbia University

Oct: 13 AQR ProSeminar, NYU Sociology

Oct: 22 Leading Business Change Through Analytics, Columbia Business School

Oct: 30 Ray Vella’s Designing Infographics class, NYU

Past Events

See here

Junk Charts Blog

Link to junkcharts

Graphics design by Amanda Lee


  • only in Big Data