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All the jury did is unanimously agree that he was guilty of involuntary manslaughter, which the judge would have specified the requirements for.


Causation in law is very different from causation in statistics. I have not followed the trial either. But the relevant jury instruction -- that is, the rule that the jury was required to apply -- states:

"An act causes (injury/ ) ifthe (injury/ ) is the direct, natural, and probable consequence of the act and the (injury/) would not have happened without the act. A natural and probable consequence is one that a reasonable person would know is likely to happen if nothing unusual intervenes. In deciding whether a consequence is natural and probable, consider all the circumstances established by the evidence.

[There may be more than one cause of (injury/______________

). An act causes (injury/_____________
), only if it is a substantial factor in

causing the (injury/ ). A
substantial factor is more than a trivial or remote factor. However, it does not have to be the only factor that causes the (injury/ ____________________).]"

The Yahoo report was probably not accurate.


Bob: thanks for the information. This definition of causation is considerably less certain than the one implied by the Yahoo reporter.

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